200th Birth Anniversary of Karl Marx

In the Leadership of the International- 21

NEWSPAPER reports of the election of the leading committee, which later became the General Council, of the International Workingmen’s Association (IWA) carried Marx’s name at the end of the list. Soon, however, Marx’s name was the first in the elected committee, “the soul of this as of all subsequent General Councils” of the International, as Engels described him. A decade later Engels wrote, “To describe Marx’s activity in the International, would necessitate writing the history of the Association itself.”

Economic Crisis New Movements

WHILE immersed in theoretical studies, Marx did not for a moment lose touch with current political affairs. As an active publicist, he closely followed economic development and the policy of the ruling classes in European countries and the United States, and took note of even the smallest success of the democratic and proletarian movement there.

Economic Crisis New Movements

WHILE immersed in theoretical studies, Marx did not for a moment lose touch with current political affairs. As an active publicist, he closely followed economic development and the policy of the ruling classes in European countries and the United States, and took note of even the smallest success of the democratic and proletarian movement there.

A Critique of Political Economy

IN the mid-1850s Marx began to set down his thoughts on political economy in manuscript form—but only after he had in long years of painstaking labour worked his way through a fantastic number of books, technical writings, legal journals, parliamentary records, and had analysed all the available economic and sociological statistics, newspapers, reports on industry, trade and the stock exchange.

Method of work

Marx knew of course that Dana, the editor, and the owners of the widely distributed New York Daily Tribune, who had asked him to contribute articles to the paper, would not tolerate the open propagating of Communist ideas. This task had to be carried out in other ways, especially through the Communist League members who had emigrated to the USA.

Study of Political Economy

SOON after the Central Bureau of the Communist League was transferred to Cologne, Prussian reaction struck a heavy blow at it. In mid-May 1851, the members of the Cologne Central Bureau and a number of League members in other parts of Germany were arrested. The Prussian government’s aim was the complete destruction of the League and the rooting out of the ideas of Marx and Engels in Germany.

Dictatorship of the Proletariat

JUST as Marx had applied historical materialism to the whole of mankind’s written history in the Communist Manifesto, just as he had used it during the revolution (1848) to investigate the individual developments with brilliant success, in his works, The Class Struggles in France, 1848-50 and The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Marx tested dialectical materialism in the analysis of a longer, exceptionally stormy and just concluded period of contemporary history.

Lessons of the Defeated Revolutions

At the time Marx set foot on English soil (August 26, 1849) London, with a population of more than two millions, was the world’s largest city and the capital of a developed capitalist country, the “workshop” of the world. In the spring of 1848, the European revolution had also knocked on England’s door, when the Chartist movement called mass demonstrations for extension of basic democratic rights. But the movement suffered such a heavy defeat that its revolutionary force was extinguished for a long time.

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